August 22, 2019

Conflict Risks

The past two decades have witnessed rapid escalation in prominence of security threats such as terrorism, state fragility, nuclear proliferation, bureaucraticcorruption,andglobalwarming. Equallydisquietingisthe new wave of non-state sources of instability including HIV/AIDS, food insecurity, and natural disasters. The uncertainties they portend for worldwide peace are yet to be accurately, comprehensively deciphered, and present recommendations for their solution often raise more questions than answers: Are state institutions developing the muscle and experience to confront emerging threats? Should regional economic organizations modify their role to find balance and order among warring parties? Can new security regimes eliminate the roots of conflict and solidify long-term peaceful relations across national borders? If answers to these questions are negative, the international community must immediately chart alternative strategies to change current trajectories away from violence and conflict footings.
Security and conflict risk exist and are magnified in West Africa—where state institutions are fragile and their weak economic underpinnings frequently yield violent internal conflicts that seem profoundly impervious to mediation; and the situation is made that much more difficult because specialized structures required to promote continuous dialogue and compromise among the political elite are eithernon-existentorlackinginvitality. Meanwhile,ethnicrivalriesand malignant political vectors in the form of religious (Islamic) fundamentalism render the achievement of mutually acceptable outcomes from negotiations almost impossible; and massive flows of light weapons embolden insurgents and drive radicalized amorphous groups to seek violent solutions rather than negotiate peaceful settlement, agreements on identity crises.
With the challenges of an insecure region as the context, the search for peace must begin with inoculating and fortifying West Africa’s conflict prone societies with values of democratic consultation—to enable them resolve crucial national questions of state legitimization, qualityofcitizenship,andpoliticalparticipation. Thosestatesemerging from conflict also need regional cooperation to address socio-political tensions embodied in migration, illegal exploitation of natural resources and cross-border trafficking in illicit narcotic drugs. For that matter, reform of the security sector, demilitarization of politics, rehabilitation of female victims of war-time rape and forced pregnancy, and punishment of indicted war criminals (perhaps truth-telling) can ease the burden of memory and encourage peacebuilding.
These are some of the most crucial issues on the minds of policymakers and peace activists, many of whom share our confidence in regard to the capability of existing regional security regimes to contain the conundrum of inflammable conflicts, and to achieve positive outcomes.
Properly conceived, Conflict Risk is an appropriate theme to celebrate this launching of the second volume of West Africa Insight; it speaks clearly and articulately to the transformational dividends that will accrue to communities once a majority of leaders abandon violence and begin seriously to court reconciliation of conflicting interests through peaceful measures.
Okon Akiba

Banner
Related Posts

Palm Oil

August 20, 2018

August 20, 2018

Can Palm Oil Lubricate West Africa’s Energy Supply? Malaysia and Singapore are two of the world’s leading palm oil producers....

DRUGS

August 20, 2018

August 20, 2018

EditorialAs the world gathers for the United Nations General Assembly on the World Drug Problem(UNGASS 2016), the focus will be...

Modifying Madrasa

August 20, 2018

August 20, 2018

Islam is under the spotlights. That didn’t begin with Fukuyama’s The End of History and the Last Man, nor Huntington’s...

Energy and Poverty

August 20, 2018

August 20, 2018

improvisation of infrastructures for survival are becoming the Inorm as governments further recline chairs and create deep chasms between them...

West Africa: Ecowas, Afrigist Collaborate On Use of Technology to Monitor 2019 Elections

August 20, 2018

August 20, 2018

Abuja — As Nigeria’s 2019 election approaches, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the African Regional Workshop...

Making Medicine

August 20, 2018

August 20, 2018

Many factors contribute toward a conducive environment in which the pharmaceutical industry will invest in a country or partner with...

Beyond Numbers: the Real Cost of Boko Haram Insurgency

August 20, 2018

August 20, 2018

Beyond Numbers: the Real Cost of Boko Haram Insurgency The current Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria sends shivers down spines...

Beyond Numbers: the Real Cost of Boko Haram Insurgency

August 20, 2018

August 20, 2018

Beyond Numbers: the Real Cost of Boko Haram Insurgency The current Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria sends shivers down spines...

Local governance, decentralisation and anti-corruption in Bangladesh and Nigeria

August 20, 2018

August 20, 2018

Research reports and studies | April 2018 Hamish Nixon and Alina Rocha Menocal, Nieves Zúñiga, Debapriya Bhattacharya, Syed Muhtasim Fuad, Idayat Hassan, Kelechi C....

Food Security

August 20, 2018

August 20, 2018

Of shortage of food,shortage of will “POOR RESEARCH CAUSES FOOD SHORTAGE.” “LOCAL TOMATOES WASTING AS N11.7BN FOREIGN IS IMPORTED.”“GOV WADA...

Transport

August 20, 2018

August 20, 2018

he radios ring with advice on what not to do on the road. It’s 7:30am on a weekday in an...

Narcotics

August 20, 2018

August 20, 2018

Drug of ruin Narcotics are becoming a grave concern for West Africa. The controlled or banned substances have been subjects...

Mali adopts ‘national consensus’ law

August 20, 2018

August 20, 2018

Mali’s government has adopted a “national consensus” law that could lead to amnesty for rebels who took part in a...

ARMED CONFLICTS IN AFRICA

August 20, 2018

August 20, 2018

The just concluded U.S-Africa Leaders Summit brings to mind the Otto Von Bismarck hosted Berlin Conference of 1884-1885 where Africa...

Deforestation

August 20, 2018

August 20, 2018

it was thought to be a novel, path-breaking intervention when the United Nations declared in the late 1980s that the...

Comments
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *